«A pen is mightier then a sword as a sword may only take life while a pen can change the world.»
Terry Pratchett quotes
In the beginning man used his finger by dropping it in plant juices as a sketch and writing instrument. By 4000 BC, bone or bronze tools were used to score everyday events on to cave walls.
Since lingo and script development there was a necessitate for novel enhanced, more effectual tools.
It was the ancient Egyptians who were the first people to write on paper. In around 3000 BC the scribes from ancient Egypt used thick Bamboo reed brushes to write on papyrus scrolls. The reed pen was used up until the Middle Ages, although the quill pen had begun to substitute it as early as the 8th of century.
Mid European sages were to first to recognize that goose feather quills were much better than reeds. The hollow quill would clasp the ink and the split end worked as a nib. There was real ability needed in adornment the quill and a talented scribe could create some very pleasant calligraphic effects. The disadvantage to the quill was that it needed steady re trimming, so it gave it a very small writing life.
The quill was surrogate by the metal dip pen in the early 19th century. The metal dip pen had a steel nib with a variety of holes to hold the ink. The nib was attach to a wooden handle, and could be manufactured quite inexpensively. In 1803 Bryan Donkin copyright a steel pen point but did not commercially take advantage of his patent, so this left it open to exploitation and knsz.prz.edu.pl (relevant site) in 1830 steel makers in Birmingham, England, pioneered the mass production technique for inexpensive long wearing steel pen nibs.
There were a lot of attempts at developing the fountain pen, the majority of which failed because the ink flow was very not consistent. In the 1870’s Lewis Edson Waterman invented his ‘Three Fissue Feed’ method which used an intake of air to manage the ink flow. This led to the extensive use of a reliable fountain pen and main the portable pen a reality. In 1894 Parker Pens invented the fortunate curve feed system which drained the ink back into reservoir when not in use.
These early fountain pens were called ‘eyedropper pens’ because you had to drip in a day’s supply of ink using the dropper provided. They were prone to leakage, so a new version was introduced by Waterman called the ‘Safety Pen’. All these developments form the basis of the modern day fountain pen.
A organization buyout by way of the group in 1987 led for that companies headquarters getting relocated in MontBlanc Pens Sussex, England where it also went into market locations besides pens. The group was obtained by Gillette in 1993 who by now owned the Papermate company that pushed much more to the ballpoint pencil market, some aspect Papermate was obviously a head in.
Now that fountain pens were reliable, people demanded that they were also a stylish item. In the early days of pen manufacturing, they were made from hard rubber which was available in restricted colors and mainly black. In 1924 Sheaffer used celluloid (made from plant fibres) for the first time which meant pens could be made in a large range of exciting colors. Perhaps the last greatest advance in fountain pen technology was by Waterman, who in 1936 invented the disposable cartridge pen.
Then came the ballpoint pen, which was first patented in 1888. It wasn’t until Laszlo Biro’s new patent in 1943 though that the ballpoint pen went into commercial production.
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